Wednesday, December 16, 2020

Joint Replacement During Pandemic? Long Island Dad Says "Yes" So He Can Dance at Daughter's Wedding

John Schieck wanted to dance at his daughter’s wedding, and he wasn’t going to let the pandemic stop him. But his severely arthritic hip was another matter. 

So, when the Long Island resident learned he could schedule a hip replacement when elective surgeries resumed at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), he didn’t hesitate. Before the pandemic, he had a knee replacement at HSS. In May of this year, he came to see me for a regular follow-up exam. Mr. Schieck’s knee was fine, but his hip pain and gotten much worse. He had trouble sleeping at night and found himself limping at work.

Mr. Schieck, who is 65, went ahead with hip replacement surgery at HSS in June, and two months later, he attended his daughter’s wedding. “My hip pain was gone. I danced with my daughter, my wife, my friends. I was a ‘dancing machine’,” he recalled.


For others suffering from arthritis pain who are reluctant to schedule surgery, HSS has instituted extensive precautions to ensure that patients, visitors and staff remain safe. The hospital has taken extraordinary measures that start with screening everyone at the door before they even walk into the hospital, including employees, patients and visitors.  

Mr. Schieck, himself a high-level hospital administrator in Queens, said he was impressed by the precautions he saw at HSS to safeguard everyone’s health. “If you know about the quality of work they do at HSS, you know you’ll be safe. Somebody gave a lot of thought to safety at HSS, and it gave me a good comfort level,” he said.

Mr. Schieck went home the day after his hip replacement and was able to do his rehab remotely online, one-on-one, with a physical therapist from HSS. He said it worked out very well.  

People who are considering joint replacement to relieve their pain may rest easier knowing that HSS is a specialty hospital dedicated exclusively to orthopedic conditions. Physicians at HSS only treat people with conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system, that is, their muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage and other connective tissue. HSS does not have an onsite emergency room and does not have a service to treat patients with Covid-19.

Knowing about advances in joint replacement could help people who are deciding whether to have surgery:

These days, patients spend less time in the hospital. Outpatient hip or knee replacement is an option for patients whose general health is good. The surgery is generally performed early in the morning, and the patient goes home at the end of the day. If someone isn’t ready to be discharged, they can go home the following day.

Robotic-assisted hip and knee replacement, which allows for ultra-precise alignment and placement of the implant, could result in less pain after surgery. It could also lead to a joint replacement that lasts longer.

Advances in pain management benefit patients. A technique known as multimodal pain control uses various medications that target multiple pain pathways. It has been shown to improve pain management after surgery and reduce the need for opioid medication. 

We now use surgical glue to close the incision, so it’s no longer necessary to see a health care provider to remove sutures or staples. 

After joint replacement, patients can have their rehab at home. Thanks to TeleHealth, Hospital for Special Surgery physical therapists can work with a patient remotely one-on-one. For those who prefer to work with a physical therapist in person, arrangements can be made for the therapist to come to the home. 

With Telehealth, patients can also choose to have follow-up visits with their orthopedic surgeon remotely via computer, tablet or even cell phone.

The pandemic has presented challenges, and it’s stressful for everyone. It shouldn’t be exacerbated by arthritis or other pain that makes people feel even worse during these trying times. We encourage people to take care of their health concerns now to relieve pain and improve their quality of life. 


When The Weather And Walkways Are Treacherous, Slow And Steady Are The Way To Go

Snow storms and freezing temperatures can turn streets into obstacle courses, and hazardous conditions  can lead to a fall if  people aren't careful. It's something people don't always think about when they are  focused on shoveling snow or in a hurry to get somewhere. Even after much of the snow and ice are removed, there are always some slippery surfaces to watch out for.

Here are some safety tips when out in bad weather or on slippery streets after a snow storm:

* Wear shoes or boots that provide traction on snow and ice, such as those with rubber and neoprene composite soles. Avoid plastic and leather soles, smooth-soled shoes and, of course, high heels.

* Walk at a safe pace. Give yourself enough time to get to your destination without rushing.

* When given no choice but to walk on ice, take short steps or shuffle for stability.

* Look where you're going. Watch for icy patches, especially on the north side, that remain even if the sidewalk or parking lot has been cleared of most snow and ice. Areas that do not get sufficient direct sunlight, and spaces where snow accumulates (such as near roadside curbs or between parked cars) remain icy long after the rest has melted or has been removed.

* Footwear should keep feet dry, warm and comfortable and provide good support.

* Walk in designated walkways as much as possible. Don't take shortcuts or try to jump over piles of snow.

* Keep your field of vision clear. Hats should not cover your eyes. You should be able to close your coat sufficiently so you can easily see where you are going.

* Make sure belts and scarves don't drag on or near the ground where they can cause you to trip.

* Use a cane or walking stick to help stabilize your balance if needed.

* Snow and ice accumulate on stairways. Always use hand railings. Look where you're stepping and place feet firmly on each step.

* When you're in your car, try to park where it is clear of snow and ice.

* Use special care when entering and exiting vehicles. If necessary, use the car for support.

* Do not overload yourself with packages. Anything that throws your balance off increases the risk of falling. Make several trips to the car to unload it, rather than carrying everything at once.

* Older people, who at particular risk of a debilitating fracture, should try to keep driving to daylight hours so that they are able to see patches of ice on streets and in parking lots.

* Remember that some medications, like allergy/cold medicines, certain painkillers, and others can make you groggy or dizzy, reducing your ability to maintain your balance on slippery surfaces.

* Be especially watchful for "black ice" - that almost invisible sheet of ice that forms after roadways thaw and refreeze. The road, sidewalk, or parking lot may look like they are simply wet, when in fact the thin ice on the surface is extremely slick.

* When entering buildings, remove snow and water from footwear to prevent wet slippery conditions indoors.

At Home:

* Keep walkways free of obstacles, such as snow shovels, other outdoor tools, sleds and other toys.

* Provide sturdy handrails on all stairways to porches or doorways.

* Spread a layer of sand, salt, gravel, cat litter, etc. to provide extra traction on the ice, and to promote melting.

Friday, August 21, 2020

A Steroid Injection for Bone-on-Bone Arthritis? Not So Fast

When elective surgeries resumed in New York City in June, it was a relief for patients with severe hip or knee arthritis who had made up their minds to have joint replacement surgery. Many people needed to wait when the procedures, considered elective, were put on hold due to the pandemic. Some patients were in so much pain, they wanted to have the procedure as soon as possible.

But a number of them were surprised to learn they would have to wait, in some cases up to three months, because they had received an injection of a steroid or hyaluronic acid in their joint at another doctor’s office.

There are two issues for patients. First, the injections do nothing to relieve pain when someone has bone-on-bone arthritis and is a candidate for joint replacement, or if they provide any pain relief at all, it is very short lived. The other problem is that anyone who has received a steroid or hyaluronic acid injection must then wait approximately three months from the date of their last injection to have hip or knee replacement surgery. This is because studies have demonstrated an increased risk of infection in the first three months following these injections.

saw five patients over a two-week period whose joint replacement needed to be delayed due to an injection. All were understandably upset that the physician who ordered or gave them the injection did not inform them they would to wait three months to have a joint replacement. Two patients were in tears.

Hip and knee replacements are common and safe procedures that relieve pain and greatly improve quality of life. Overall, the risk of developing a joint infection is very low, but it is one of the most serious complications a patient can have following surgery. Studies show that as long as patients wait three months after receiving an injection, there is no increased risk at all.

An educated patient who takes an active role in his or her care and asks the physician good questions has the best chance to receive the right treatment for his or her condition.  

Monday, June 1, 2020

Tips to Manage Arthritis When Staying at Home

At the height of the pandemic, people displayed good judgment and stepped up to the challenge, staying at home to stop the spread of coronavirus. Although many locations are beginning to see a slow return to the “new normal,” many doctors’ offices are only open on a limited basis. Elective surgeries, such as joint replacement, are still on hold in New York City.

Since March, many people with arthritis have gone without physical therapy or injections at their doctor’s office to relieve pain. Those scheduled for joint replacement surgery had their procedure postponed. People with arthritis can adopt good practices to help lessen pain while they wait for treatment.


While staying at home, people may have gotten into the habit of watching a lot of TV or spending hours online. In the current pandemic climate, that’s understandable. But it’s good for those who have arthritis to engage in mild exercise or take a walk, if they can. If you sit around too much, your joints can become stiff and your muscles get deconditioned. This puts more stress on an arthritic knee or hip, and that can cause more pain.

For those binge-watching television shows or working in front of a computer most of the day, I recommend getting up every half hour and walking around for at least five minutes. In addition to helping to prevent stiff joints, it helps avoid back pain that comes from sitting too much.

Here are some more tips to help manage arthritis at home:
  • Be proactive. Do mild exercises to strengthen the muscles around an arthritic joint. For example, straight leg raises from a lying down or sitting position are a simple exercise that most people can do to strengthen the muscles around their knee.
  • Engage in non-impact activities, such as riding a stationary exercise bicycle or taking a safe walk outside.
  • Even at home, be careful not to overdo physical activities. People with less severe arthritis may want to go on a cleaning spree or declutter a closet, but too much bending, kneeling, and lifting could make joint pain worse.
  • If climbing up and down stairs causes pain, cut back. Be mindful of how you’re moving and take one step at a time if it helps.   
  • Take an over-the-counter pain medication unless it causes stomach or other problems. If you have a prescription, make sure you follow your doctor’s instructions.
  • Use cold or heat to make a joint feel better. However, if a joint is hot and swollen, make sure you use a cold pack.  Put a cloth or thin towel under the cold pack.  Never put ice directly on your skin. 
  • Use an aid, such as cane, when needed to relieve pressure on your knee or hip.  
  • Try to maintain a healthy diet. Keeping your weight down avoids stress on a joint. 
  • Try meditation, mindful breathing, or progressive relaxation to help relieve stress and feel better. A number of apps are available for this.
  • Make sure there are no hazards in your home that could lead to a fall. Use a cane if needed for better stability, make sure rugs are secured to the floor, maintain good lighting and be careful if you get out of bed in the middle of the night. Grab bars in the bathroom and other devices can make it easier to perform activities of daily living with an arthritic joint.
  • Try to maintain a positive attitude. Remember, we are all in this together. The pandemic will end eventually, and we will get through this.
To see a video I made with exercise tips, visit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=niOY8GusK4o        


Monday, May 4, 2020

Study Finds Good Outcomes in “Dual Mobility” Hip Replacement

More than 350,000 hip replacements are performed in the United States each year to relieve pain and restore mobility. Overall, it's a highly successful procedure and has given many people a new lease on life. However, as with all surgeries, the risk of a complication exists, and dislocation is one of the most common. At Hospital for Special Surgery, we conducted a study that found that an implant known as an anatomic dual mobility (ADM) hip replacement significantly lowered the risk of dislocation, reducing the need for a revision surgery.

My colleagues and I evaluated almost 200 hip replacements with the dual mobility implant and found no dislocations at follow-up of at least five years.The research appears online as an ePoster as part of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, which was transformed into a virtual experience due to Covid-19: https://aaos.apprisor.org/epsAbstractAAOS.cfm?id=2

A hip replacement implant is a ball-and-socket mechanism, designed to simulate a human hip joint. Typical components include a stem that inserts into the femur (thigh bone), a ball that replaces the head of the thigh bone, and a shell that lines the hip socket. 

The dual mobility implant system was designed to increase range of motion and decrease the risk of a dislocation by increasing the size of the femoral head component. This leads to a hip replacement with increased stability, which is especially important for active patients who may put more demands on their new hip.

We designed our study to review hip replacements with the anatomic dual mobility acetabular cup to examine clinical outcomes after five years of implantation at Hospital for Special Surgery and three other hospitals.

We reviewed a total joint replacement registry for patients who had a total hip replacement with an anatomic dual mobility (ADM) cup from January 2008 to December 2012. A total of 144 patients who had undergone 199 hip replacements were included in the study. The mean age was 67 years, and patient follow-up was from 5 to 7.9 years. X-ray analysis showed no implant loosening, and there were no dislocations.

In addition to the stability provided by the dual mobility hip replacement, patient-reported outcome measures, including pain and function, also improved, making the dual mobility hip implant a good option for appropriate patients. 

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Telehealth: How to Get the Most Out of Your Virtual Visit

During the coronavirus pandemic, many doctors’ offices are closed for non-emergency care and more patients are embracing telemedicine. Over the past few weeks, I’ve seen an increase in virtual consultations among both established and new patients.

One of my knee replacement patients had an in-office follow-up appointment on the last day it was open in early March, but given the choice, he opted for a telehealth consultation. He told me his online follow-up appointment after knee replacement was easy to set up, and it worked well. While consulting in front of his computer screen, he was even able to show me his knee. 

I’ve also had telemedicine consultations with several new patients seeking an orthopedic surgeon for a hip or knee replacement. Although they can’t have the surgery right away, they’ve already been told that the best option for pain relief is a joint replacement, and they’re planning ahead. 

Although elective surgeries, including hip and knee replacement, are now on hold in the New York metro area, patients can get the ball rolling by scheduling a virtual visit. In addition to being able to meet a doctor online and have a remote consultation, patients can send medical records, x-rays and MRIs to the physician.

In appropriate cases, patients can receive a tentative date for an in-office consultation once it reopens for non-emergency care. Many patients are relieved to know that once we start performing elective surgeries again at Hospital for Special Surgery, they will be at or near the top of the list.

For a someone considering surgery, a virtual consultation is also a good way to get to know a physician. A patient can see if the physician inspires confidence, takes the time to answer questions, and takes a genuine interest in the patient and his or her concerns.

Here are some tips to make the most out of a virtual medical consultation:
  •          Test the visual quality of your webcam and the sound quality of your microphone before the virtual visit.
  •          Make sure you have a good Internet connection.
  •          Plug in your computer or mobile device so it doesn’t run out of power.
  •          Set up the camera at eye level so it is easier for the doctor to see and engage with you.
  •          Close unnecessary programs. Having too many programs running on your computer or device can strain its memory and reduce the quality of your video consultation.
  •          Find a quiet space where you won’t be interrupted.
  •          Look into the camera and stay close to your device so the doctor can see and hear you.
  •          Before the consultation, write down your symptoms, any medications you are taking, previous consultations you have had regarding your health issue, dates and types of previous surgeries, and any prior hospitalizations.
  •          Write down your questions in advance. If you have a concern, don’t be afraid to discuss it with during the consultation.
  •          If the doctor gives you instruction, repeat them back to him or her to make sure you understand them.

Anyone who would like to set up a telehealth consultation me is invited to call my office at 212-606-1510. Stay safe and healthy!


Friday, November 9, 2018

Fall Prevention Measures Can Prevent Serious Injury

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg fell in her office this week and fractured three ribs. She was hospitalized, but fortunately, is now back home now and doing well, according to news reports.

Although the details of how the 85 year-old Supreme Court Justice fell have not been released, the mishap shines a spotlight on how serious a fall can be. It fact, a fall can be devastating for older adults in particular because their bones are more fragile. They often break a hip, sustain a severe head injury... or worse.

I would like to take this opportunity to wish Justice Ginsburg well and remind everyone that measures can be taken to prevent falls indoors. In your own home, or in the home of a loved one, these strategies can help prevent an accident and keep people safe. Some of these measures can be applied to the work environment, as well:

  • Ensure that the home is free of hazards such as slippery floors, rugs that are not secured and poorly lit areas.
  • Install handrails, grab bars and other safety devices.
  • Wear properly-fitting shoes with nonskid soles.
  • Engage in regular, moderate amounts of physical activity to maintain strength, coordination, agility and balance.
  • Get an eye examination and physical each year, and wear glasses if needed.
  • Check with your doctor about side effects of all your prescription and over-the-counter medications and take proper precautions.  Medications can cause drowsiness and interfere with balance.
  • Eat a nutritionally balanced diet with adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol intake.

Stairs and steps
  • Make sure light switches are at both the top and bottom of the stairs.
  • Provide enough light to see each step and the top and bottom landings.
  • Keep flashlights nearby in case of a power outage.
  • Install handrails on both sides of the stairway and be sure to use them.
  • Do not leave objects on the stairs.
  • Consider installing motion detector lights which turn on automatically and light your stairway.
  • Put nonslip treads on each bare-wood step.
  • Do not use patterned, dark or deep-pile carpeting. Solid colors show the edges of steps more clearly.
  • Do not place loose area rugs at the bottom or top of stairs.
  • Repair loose stairway carpeting or boards immediately.

Bathroom
  • Install grab bars on the bathroom walls near the toilet and along the bathtub or shower.
  • Place a slip-resistant rug adjacent to the bathtub for safe exit and entry.
  • Mount a liquid soap dispenser on the bathtub/shower wall.
  • Place nonskid adhesive textured strips on the bathtub/shower floor.
  • Use a sturdy, plastic seat in the bathtub if you are unsteady or if you cannot lower yourself to the floor of the tub.
  • Stabilize yourself on the toilet by using either a raised seat or a special toilet seat with armrests.
  • Replace glass shower enclosures with non-shattering material.
  • Keep a night light in the bathroom.

Bedroom
  • Clear clutter from the floor.
  • Place a lamp and flashlight near your bed.
  • Install night-lights along the route between the bedroom and the bathroom.
  • Sleep on a bed that is easy to get into and out of.
  • Keep a telephone near your bed.

Living areas
  • Arrange furniture to create clear pathways between rooms.
  • Remove low coffee tables, magazine racks, footrests and plants from pathways in rooms.
  • Install easy-access light switches at entrances to rooms so you won’t have to walk into a dark room to turn on the light. Glow-in-the-dark switches may be helpful.
  • Secure loose area rugs with double-faced tape or slip-resistant backing. Recheck these rugs periodically.
  • Keep electric, appliance and telephone cords out of your pathways, but don’t put cords under a rug.
  • Eliminate wobbly chairs, ladders and tables.
  • Do not sit in a chair or on a sofa that is so low it is difficult to stand up.
  • Place carpeting over concrete, ceramic and marble floors to lessen the severity of injury if you fall.
  • Repair loose wooden floorboards immediately.

Kitchen
  • Remove throw rugs.
  • Immediately clean up any liquid, grease or food spilled on the floor.
  • Store food, dishes and cooking equipment at easy-to-reach waist-high level.
  • Don’t stand on chairs or boxes to reach upper cabinets. Use only a step stool with an attached handrail so you are supported.
  • Repair loose flooring.
  • Use nonskid floor wax.